More and more people are suffering from digestive disorders these days.
Due to poor diets, unhealthy lifestyles and the abuse of caffeine,
cigarettes and alcohol, most people develop different forms of ulcer.
There are multiple types of ulcer and some of them are considered to be
life-threatening. Even milder forms of ulcer may endanger a personís life
if the disorder is not appropriately treated.
Ulcer involves irritation, sores or lesions at different levels of the
gastrointestinal tract. The main cause of ulcer is considered to be the
infection with the bacteria called Helicobacter pylori, which can be
acquired through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. Another
cause of ulcer is the excessive production of hydrochloric acid and
pepsin. When in excess, gastric acid may damage the protective walls of
the stomach or other particular internal organs, enabling the bacteria to
cause greater damage. Although the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and
excessive gastric secretions are mainly responsible for the development of
ulcer, there are also other factors that may contribute to the process:
smoking, alcohol consumption, caffeine, etc.
When hydrochloric acid and pepsin are also involved in the development
of the ulcer, the disorder is referred to as peptic ulcer. If the ulcer
occurs at the level of the duodenum, the disorder is called duodenal
ulcer. If the ulcer develops in the stomach, the disorder is called
stomach or gastric ulcer. Gastric ulcer is considered to be a serious form
of digestive disorder, as it may lead to complications and even cancer.
The most severe complications of peptic ulcer are bleeding ulcer and
Bleeding ulcer is very dangerous and in some cases it can cause the
death of the affected person. Bleeding ulcer requires immediate medical
attention and in most cases it can only be corrected through surgery.
Operations performed in order to treat bleeding ulcers are mostly done
through the means of a gastroscope. General anesthesia is not always
required in performing such operations. Fortunately, not all patients who
suffer from bleeding ulcer need surgery. Latest experimental medicines
have decreased the mortality rate of patients who develop such
complications and maybe in the future oral treatment will become a
substitute for todayís surgery.
The most common symptoms of bleeding ulcer are: vomiting blood,
presence of blood in the feces, black stools, nausea and dehydration.
Bleeding ulcer can also lead to anemia; due to excessive blood loss, fewer
red blood cells remain within the body, failing to provide sufficient
oxygen to internal organs. It is vital to try to prevent bleeding ulcers
from appearing, as in some cases they may be fatal. The best thing to do
when confronted with the symptoms of ulcer is to immediately inform your
physician of your problems, in order to receive an appropriate medical
treatment, thus avoiding further complications of the disorder.